By creator to www.capradio.org
Whereas a lot of the eye on the November election is targeted on the race for President, Californians are going to have a variety of different selections to make. One (or 12) of the most important: the statewide poll measures.
Sure, there shall be a dozen totally different propositions for California voters this 12 months — Prop. 14 by way of Prop. 25 — on every little thing from increasing lease management to ending the ban on affirmative motion. Whereas we at CapRadio shall be reporting on these extra up till Nov. 3, we wished to offer you a fast overview now on what every measure covers and what a “sure” or “no” vote will imply.
Proposition 14: Stem cell analysis
This measure would authorize California to subject $5.5 billion in state normal obligation bonds to proceed funding stem cell and different medical analysis. Of these funds, $1.5 billion could be devoted to fund analysis and remedy for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, stroke, epilepsy and different mind and central nervous system ailments. The overall value over the lifetime of the bonds, together with principal and curiosity, quantities to $7.eight billion.
Proposition 15: ‘Break up roll’
Often called the “break up roll” measure, Proposition 15 would enhance taxes on factories, shops and different industrial and industrial actual property price $Three million or extra. It might do that by requiring homeowners pay property tax based mostly on market worth, fairly than what is commonly a a lot decrease tax price based mostly on the unique buy value.
The measure is taken into account one of many largest revisions of Proposition 13, the landmark 1978 initiative that slashed property taxes and restricted how a lot they might go up. Residential and agricultural properties could be exempt from the modifications. The break up roll measure would elevate an estimated $6.5 billion to $11.5 billion yearly, in accordance with an analysis by the nonpartisan Legislative Analyst’s Workplace. The cash could be distributed to Okay-12 public colleges, neighborhood faculties and native governments.
Proposition 16: Finish ban on affirmative motion
If handed by voters, this state constitutional modification would finish California’s ban on affirmative motion. It might enable colleges and public businesses to take race, ethnicity and intercourse under consideration when making admission, hiring or contracting selections. It might repeal parts of Proposition 209, the constitutional modification California voters handed in 1996 prohibiting affirmative motion at state establishments.
Proposition 17: Voting rights for beforehand incarcerated individuals
This constitutional modification would enable individuals on parole for felony convictions to vote after their state or federal jail time period ends. The state’s structure prohibits individuals with felony convictions from voting till each their incarceration and parole are completed. The change, proposed by state lawmakers, would have an effect on roughly 40,000 Californians, in accordance with a state Senate analysis.
Proposition 18: 17-year-olds voting in primaries
If handed, this constitutional modification would increase voting rights for sure 17-year-olds in California. Residents who’re 17, residents of the state and shall be not less than 18 years previous on the time of the subsequent normal election, could be allowed to vote in any main or particular election that happens earlier than the subsequent normal election. State lawmakers positioned this measure on the November poll.
Proposition 19: Switch of property tax breaks
This may enable owners who’re over 55, disabled or victims of pure disasters to switch a part of their property tax base with them after they promote their house and buy a brand new one. The constitutional modification would additionally forestall individuals who inherit household properties from conserving the low property tax base except they use the house as their main residence and the market worth is lower than $1 million. A lot of the income from the measure would fund wildfire businesses.
Proposition 20: Legal sentencing
This measure would roll again some modifications to California’s legal sentencing legal guidelines authorized over the previous decade. It might authorize judges to impose felony prices on sure theft or fraud crimes presently chargeable solely as misdemeanors. It might additionally prohibit the variety of inmates eligible for parole by including drug, theft and different crimes to the record of violent crimes or sentence enhancements excluded from parole evaluation. Lastly, the measure would require individuals convicted of drug, theft or home violence misdemeanors to undergo DNA assortment for the state database.
Proposition 21: Lease management
Prop 21 would enable cities and counties to implement lease management for residential properties over 15 years previous. It might grant a lease management exemption for landlords who personal not more than two properties. The measure is supposed to switch the Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act, which prohibited lease management for housing that was constructed after 1995 in addition to for models corresponding to single-family properties, townhomes and condos.
Proposition 22: Guidelines for app-based drivers
This may exempt sure gig employees from AB5, California’s contentious new labor legislation, by reclassifying app-based supply and rideshare drivers as unbiased contractors. Funded by corporations together with Uber, Lyft and DoorDash, Prop 22 would require corporations with unbiased contract drivers to supply their drivers with advantages like minimal compensation and well being care subsidies based mostly on driving time, car insurance coverage and sexual harassment coaching fairly than common worker advantages like a minimal wage, employees’ compensation or additional time pay.
Proposition 23: Dialysis clinic guidelines
If authorized, Proposition 23 would require dialysis clinics to have a licensed doctor, nurse or doctor assistant on website throughout kidney dialysis therapy. It might require outpatient clinics to report information on dialysis-related infections, ban them from discriminating towards sufferers based mostly on their supply of fee or care, and require state approval to close down a dialysis clinic.
Proposition 24: Client privateness
Proposition 24 would enable Californians to dam corporations from sharing private data and restrict companies’ use of “delicate private data” together with geolocation, personal communications, race or ethnicity, faith, union membership and well being or biometric information. It raises most penalties for violations involving customers beneath the age of 16. The measure would additionally create a brand new state company to implement shopper privateness laws, which is estimated to value about $10 million per 12 months.
Proposition 25: Repeal of money bail
Proposition 25 is a referendum to overturn a 2018 legislation to switch California’s money bail system with a brand new pretrial launch system based mostly on public security and flight danger. The legislation, SB10, was placed on maintain after the referendum certified for the poll in early 2019. A “Sure” vote on Prop 25 would approve the legislation taking impact and finish money bail in California, whereas a “No” vote would preserve the present money bail system the best way it’s.
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